Your online information resource for help overcoming anxiety and panic attacks

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Anxiety Medications

Benzodiazepines

Brand Name: Ativan, Alzapam, Loraz
Generic Name: Lorazepam
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Lorazepam tranquilizes the central nervous system by enhancing the neurotransmitter GABA, and provides fast-acting, short-term relief from anxiety and tension.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, physical or psychological dependence, depression, difficulties operating a vehicle, nausea, dizziness, headaches, hallucinations, decreased sex drive, sleeping difficulties, suicide in patients who have depression

Brand Name: Klonopin
Generic Name: Clonazepam
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Clonazepam decreases electrical activity in the brain to control certain types of seizures and to relieve panic or worry of recurring panic attacks.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, physical or psychological dependence, memory difficulties, problems with coordination, blurred vision, muscle pain, changes in sex drive or ability, frequent urination, mood or behavioral changes; serious side effects requiring medical attention include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, throat or tongue, and hives

Brand Name: Librium
Generic Name: Chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Librium provides short-term, fast-acting relief from anxiety and agitation from alcohol withdrawal.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, physical or psychological dependence, weakness, dry mouth, diarrhea, dizziness, appetite changes, blurred vision, changes in sex drive or ability, urinary changes, constipation, restlessness; serious side effects requiring medical attention include irregular heartbeat, yellowing of skin or eyes, rashes, difficulty breathing, shuffling walk, fevers and tremors

Brand Name: Serax
Generic Name: Oxazepam
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Serax provides short-term, fast-acting relief from anxiety, tension, agitation, irritability and depression.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, changes in appetite, diarrhea or constipation, weakness, urinary difficulties, blurred vision, restlessness; serious side effects requiring medical attention include severe rashes, yellowing of the skin or eyes, breathing difficulties, shuffling walk

Brand Name: Tranxene
Generic Name: Clorazepate
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Tranxene lowers abnormal levels of electrical activity in the brain to prevent seizures, relieve anxiety, and reduce alcohol withdrawal symptoms.
Possible Side Effects: dry mouth, dizziness, headaches, confusion; serious side effects requiring medical attention include slurred speech, blurred vision, rashes, difficulties with balance or coordination

Brand Name: Valium, Diastat
Generic Name: Diazepam
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Diazepam is a long-acting medication that enhances the neurotransmitter GABA and affects the central nervous system to relieve anxiety, agitation, and muscle spasms.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, dependence, dry mouth, appetite changes, urinary difficulties, constipation, restlessness; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, breathing difficulties, irregular heart rate, yellowing of the skin or eyes

Brand Name: Xanax, Xanax XR, Niravam
Generic Name: Alprazolam
Category: Benzodiazepine
Description: Alprazolam is a short-term, fast-acting medication that reduces abnormal levels of excitement in the brain, thus reducing panic and anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, physical or psychological dependence, dizziness, tiredness, weight changes, changes in appetite, talkativeness, changes in sex drive or ability, dry mouth or increased salivation, irritability; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, visual or auditory hallucinations, confusion, yellowing of the skin or eyes, rashes

Antidepressants

Brand Name: Celexa
Generic Name: Citalopram
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Celexa increases serotonin levels in the brain to improve mood and relieve anxiety and depression.
Possible Side Effects: diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, excessive sweating, drowsiness, stomach pain, excitement, muscle pain, changes in sex drive or ability, dry mouth, loss of appetite; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, visual or auditory hallucinations, fevers, irregular heart beat

Brand Name: Cymbalta
Generic Name: Duloxetine
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (SSNRI)
Description: Duloxetine increases serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain to improve mood and relieve excessive worry; it is a long-acting medication.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, changes in sex drive or ability, muscle pain, shaking, increased sweating, increased urination, decreased appetite, suicide

Brand Name: Deseryl
Generic Name: Trazodone
Category: Antidepressant
Description: Trazodone is a serotonin modulator that improves mood and stabilizes neurochemicals to relieve anxiety and depression.
Possible Side Effects: nausea or vomiting, dry mouth, diarrhea or constipation, weakness, nervousness, blurred vision, difficulty concentrating, sweating, confusion, nightmares, ringing in ears, headaches, changes in appetite; serious side effects requiring medical attention include chest pain, rashes, fainting, breathing difficulties, irregular heartbeat, swelling

Brand Name: Effexor, Effexor XR
Generic Name: Venlafaxine
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (SSNRI)
Description: Venlafaxine increases serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain to improve mood and relieve excessive worry, panic, and social anxiety; it is a long-acting medication.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, enlarged pupils, urinary changes, shaking or twitching, weight loss, appetite changes, nausea or vomiting, weakness, sore throat, changes in sex drive or ability, heartburn, ringing in the ears, yawning, dry mouth, stomach pain

Brand Name: Elavil
Generic Name: Amitriptyline
Category: Tetracyclic antidepressant
Description: Amitriptyline is a long-acting medication that alters serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain to produce a mild sedative effect for relief from anxiety and depression.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, headaches, confusion, changes in sex drive or ability, excessive sweating, changes in weight or appetite, dry mouth, blurred vision, nightmares, nausea or vomiting, constipation, pain or tingling; serious side effects requiring medical attention include hallucinations, rash or hives, seizures, muscle spasms, yellowing of the skin or eyes, fainting, irregular heartbeat or chest pain, unusual bleeding, swelling of the face or tongue

Brand Name: Lexapro, Cipralex
Generic Name: Escitalopram
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Escitalopram is a long-acting medication that increases serotonin in the brain to stabilize mood and to relieve anxiety and major depression.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, flu-like symptoms, stomach pain, constipation, changes in sex drive or ability, increased sweating, nausea, diarrhea, heartburn, dry mouth, increased appetite; serious side effects requiring medical attention include visual or auditory hallucinations, unusual excitement, fevers, muscle stiffness, confusion and irregular heartbeat

Brand Name: Luvox
Generic Name: Fluvoxamine
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Luvox increases serotonin levels in the brain to improve mood and to relieve obsessions and compulsions.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, indigestion, weakness, nausea, headaches, diarrhea or constipation, nervousness, dry mouth; serious side effects requiring medical attention include hives, seizures, irregular heartbeat, sweating

Brand Name: Paxil
Generic Name: Paroxetine hydrochloride
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Paroxetine increases serotonin levels in the brain to improve mood and to relieve extreme fear, excessive worry, and social and performance anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: dizziness, dry mouth, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, changes in weight or appetite, sensitivity to light, dental problems, changes in sex drive or ability, forgetfulness, sleepiness, muscle pain or weakness, sweating, irregular menstruation, flushing, lump in throat, cough, heartburn, runny nose; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, hallucinations, twitching, rash or hives, abnormal bleeding, breathing difficulties, bloody vomit or stool, numbness or tingling, painful erection or vaginal infection, painful urination

Brand Name: Prozac
Generic Name: Fluoxetine
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Fluoxetine is a long-acting medication that increases serotonin levels in the brain to alleviate excessive worry, panic, obsessions and compulsions.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, weakness, excessive sweating, dry mouth, sore throat, changes in sex drive or ability, nausea, weight loss, appetite loss, shaking; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, rash or hives, hallucinations, fevers, joint pain, breathing difficulties, swelling of the face, tongue, hands or ankles

Brand Name: Remeron
Generic Name: Mirtazapine
Category: Tetracyclic Antidepressant
Description: Mirtazapine is a long-acting medication that stabilizes serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain to alleviate anxiety and depression.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dry mouth, constipation, nausea or vomiting, confusion, increased weight or appetite, dizziness or confusion; serious side effects requiring medical attention include seizures, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, sores, flu-like symptoms

Brand Name: Sinequan, Adapin
Generic Name: Doxepin hydrochloride
Category: Tetracyclic antidepressant
Description: Doxepin affects adrenergic activity and norepinephrine levels to relieve anxiety, fear, tension, depression, guilt, apprehension and excessive worry.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dry mouth, urinary retention, low blood pressure, rashes, constipation, weight loss, suicidal thoughts

Brand Name: Zoloft
Generic Name: Sertraline
Category: Antidepressant – Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)
Description: Sertraline increases serotonin levels in the brain to improve mood and to relieve panic, excessive worry, obsessions and compulsions.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, dry mouth, changes in weight or appetite, headaches, sore throat, excessive sweating, changes in sex drive or ability, shaking; serious side effects requiring medical attention include hallucinations, seizures, blurred vision, unusual bleeding

MAOIs

Brand Name: Nardil
Generic Name: Phenelzine
Category: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
Description: Phenelzine is a derivative of hydrazine and enhances the neurotransmitter GABA to relieve depression and anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, decreased sexual ability, weight gain, twitching or jerking; serious side effects requiring medical attention include headaches, breathing difficulties, vomiting, swelling, enlarged pupils, yellowing of the skin or eyes, chest pain

Brand Name: Parnate
Generic Name: Tranylcypromine
Category: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
Description: Parnate is a non-hydrazine formula that reduces panic, anxiety, and depression.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dry mouth, hair loss, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, chills, loss of appetite, ringing in ears, urinary difficulties, decreased sexual ability, numbness, muscle tension; serious side effects requiring medical attention include flu-like symptoms, chest pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, enlarged pupils, swelling, unusual bleeding

Beta Blockers

Brand Name: Inderal
Generic Name: Propranolol
Category: Beta blocker
Description: Propranolol relaxes blood vessels and reduces the heart rate to lower blood pressure and relieve the physical symptoms of anxiety and panic.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, sleeping difficulties, diarrhea or constipation, vomiting, rashes; serious side effects requiring medical attention include chest pain, sore throat, swelling, unusual bleeding or weight gain

Brand Name: Tenormin
Generic Name: Atenolol
Category: Beta blocker
Description: Atenolol relaxes blood vessels and reduces the heart rate to treat high blood pressure and relieve the physical symptoms of anxiety or panic.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, depression, nausea, diarrhea; serious side effects requiring medical attention include fainting, shortness of breath, swelling or excessive weight gain

Miscellaneous

Brand Name: Buspar, Vanspar
Generic Name: Buspirone hydrochloride
Category: Miscellaneous anxiolytic
Description: Buspirone may activate a serotonin receptor in the brain, which then provides long-acting, short-term relief from nervousness, aggression, and anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, fatigue, headaches, numbness, tremors, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, appetite changes, blurred vision, decreased alertness

Brand Name: Hyzine
Generic Name: Hydroxyzine
Category: Antihistamine, Miscellaneous Anxiolytic
Description: Hydroxyzine reduces allergy symptoms but also has a sedative effect on the brain for relief from anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dry mouth; serious side effects requiring medical attention include breathing difficulties, swelling of the face, involuntary movements

Brand Name: Miltown, Mb-Tab, Trancot, Equanil
Generic Name: Meprobamate
Category: Miscellaneous anxiolytic
Description: Meprobamate is a mild tranquilizer and adenosine reuptake inhibitor that relieves nervousness and tension.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, clumsiness, headaches, diarrhea, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, blurred vision, confusion, sore throat, excitement, unusual bleeding or bruising, breathing difficulties

Brand Name: Trileptal
Generic Name: Oxcarbazepine
Category: Anticonvulsant
Description: Trileptal is a long-acting medication that decreases nerve impulses to prevent seizures and to reduce generalized anxiety.
Possible Side Effects: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, stomach pain, loss of appetite, blurred vision, forgetfulness, mood swings, back pain, difficulty concentrating, nosebleeds, speech problems, clumsiness, diarrhea or constipation, heartburn, weight gain, shaking, acne, toothaches, hot flashes or increased sweating, vaginal irritation; serious side effects requiring medical attention include chest pain, rashes or blisters, fevers, flu-like symptoms, unusual bleeding

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